Ethiopian sex women

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View the profiles of people named Ethiopia Sex. Join Facebook to connect with Ethiopia Sex and others you may know. Facebook Mahi Konjo (am sexy girl). Most times I hear Ethiopian men lament that Ethiopian women are sexually frigid also affect sexuality and the act of sex for Ethiopian women. There have been several studies concerning women in Ethiopia. Historically, elite women in . Since sex between spouses is traditionally regarded as an obligation, the UNFPA argues that married women are at a greater risk of contracting HIV.

Women in Ethiopia live under constant fear of violence, illness, hunger and poverty but they are now also facing a new threat - human. ethiopiansex#ethiopianmovie#hopemusicethiopiaኢትዮጲያዊዋ አሳፋሪ ሴት(​ethiopian girl having sex). It ranges from forcible rape to physical forms of pressure that compel women to engage in sex against their consent. It is common among.

There have been several studies concerning women in Ethiopia. Historically, elite women in . Since sex between spouses is traditionally regarded as an obligation, the UNFPA argues that married women are at a greater risk of contracting HIV. This video may be inappropriate for some users. Sign in to confirm your age. Watch Queue. Queue. Watch QueueQueue. Remove all. It ranges from forcible rape to physical forms of pressure that compel women to engage in sex against their consent. It is common among.






Metrics details. Though many women are suffering the consequences of sexual violence, only few victims speak out as it is sensitive and prone to stigma. This lack of data made it difficult to get full picture of the problem and design proper interventions. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and factors associated with sexual violence among female students of Wolaita Sodo University, south Ethiopia.

Participants were selected by simple random sampling. Data were collected by self-administered questionnaire.

Descriptive statistics were done. Moreover, bivariate and multivariate analyses were also carried out to identify predictors of sexual violence. Lifetime sexual violence was found to be However, Life time sexual violence was positively associated with witnessing inter-parental violence as a child, rural childhood residence, having ethiopian boyfriend, alcohol consumption and having friends who drink regularly; while it was negatively associated with discussing sexual issues with parents. Sexual violence is a common phenomenon among the students.

More detailed research has to be conducted to develop prevention and intervention strategies. Violence against women includes any act of gender based violence that results in physical, sexual, and psychological harm to women [ 1 ]. Sexual violence is one dimension of violence in schools which creates an atmosphere of intimidation and danger in an environment [ 4 ]. It is a fundamental violation of human right to liberty and freedom from fear, and is now recognized as a public health priority [ 5 ].

It ranges from forcible rape to physical forms of sex that compel women to engage in sex against their consent. It is common among children, adolescents and women both in industrial and developing nations [ 67 ]. Studies showed that violence against girls by older male students and teachers is very common [ 8910 ].

Rape alone results in women 32, unwanted pregnancies each year globally [ 13 ]. This can have an emotional impact and is also linked to negative health behaviors, such us substance use and mood ethiopian like anxiety and depression [ women15 ].

Violence against women is major public health and human rights agenda in Ethiopia. However, the magnitude of sexual violence among youths is not deeply recognized. Therefore, determining the magnitude and identifying predictors helps to design prevention and controlling strategies to tackle it.

Thus this study was aimed at assessing sexual violence and its predictors among female students of Wolaita Sodo University, Ethiopia.

Sex cross-sectional study was employed among female Wolaita Sodo University students. More than eleven thousand under graduate regular students were in the university. Single population proportion formula was used to determine sample size with the assumption of: Samples were allocated to all schools and colleges proportion to size. Female students were categorized in three strata as first, second, and third year and above, then recruited by simple random sampling technique from the frame provided by the university registrar.

Selected students were contacted through their respective departments and were oriented about the study and their random selection. Appointment was made for the day of data collection after deep discussion that removed their doubts and cleared their confusions. The questionnaire was translated to Amharic and then back to English by different language experts to check for internal consistency. Data collection was facilitated by nine enumerators and one supervisor on April 7, Respondents filled the questionnaire simultaneously in nine lecture halls.

Both bivariate and ethiopian logistic regression models were also carried out. Data quality was maintained by giving training and appropriate supervision for the data collectors. Pre-test was conducted on 25 female students women Wachemo University and proper modifications were made to the tool.

By conducting repeated revisions, the questions were made as simple sex possible to be answered by women students. The outcome variable of the study was s exual violence whereas the predictors were socio-demographic characteristics, sexual history, behavioral attributes and family history. It includes sexual harassment, attempted rape and rape. Rape: any non-consensual penetration of the vagina, penetration obtained by physical body harm, by threatening or deception or when the victim is unable to give consent.

Attempted rape: a trial to women sex without consent by coercion, by ethiopian or deception or when the victim is unable to give consent but without actual penetration of the vagina.

Sexual harassment: unwanted sexual behaviors including jokes, verbal comments and physical contacts that are intentionally done on women or girls. Witnessed inter-parental violence as a child: if the respondent had ever witnessed physical violence between her parents or adults who raised her, before age of Out of the expected respondents, agreed to participate.

But, 11 questionnaires were incomplete and discarded. So, full sex was obtained from participants yielding a response rate of More than half of respondents Among all, Almost all About quarter Among the total respondents, Fifty five Among those who had sexual experience, Lifetime prevalence of any form of sexual violence was reported by Students ethiopian faced sexual violence before joining university were Among the Sexual harassment and attempted rape in the current year were reported by 75 Nearly one fifth Sexual violence was thought as a major problem by But More than one third More than half 41 Being in the age category of 20—24, being from rural area, witnessing inter-parental violence as a child, having regular boyfriend, alcohol consumption and having friends who drink on regular basis were found to have positive association with life time sexual ethiopian while discussing sexual issues with parents showed negative association.

Students with rural childhood residence were about 2 times [OR: 2. Respondents who had witnessed inter-parental violence during childhood were almost 2 times more likely to face sexual abuse compared to their counterparts [OR: 1.

The odds of sexual abuse is around two times [OR: 1. Similarly, students who drink ethiopian have history of drinking [OR: 2. Goal five, gender equality, of sustainable development goals will not be achieved without eliminating gender based violence [ 5 ].

But sexual violence appears to be a major characteristic of school life for many young females in Ethiopia [ 161819 ]; as it persist affecting many [ sex ]. Most of the young people are not aware of their sexual rights and do not even appreciate the degree of their violations [ 21 ]. Thus, this study was aimed to assess sexual violence and its predictors among female Wolaita Sodo University students.

Sexual violence was found a major problem among the women with The finding was higher than the prevalence Another study from Sex University [ 23 ] revealed However, it was lower than the prevalence among female Ambo university students Lifetime rape was conveyed by However, it was higher than the findings from Dabat [ 27 ], Debark [ 28 ] and Addis Ababa [ 29 ] high schools students where the findings fell between 5.

This might be due women the differences in age and socio-cultural factors between study participants. The findings of attempted rape Female students whose childhood residence was in rural areas reported higher frequency of sexual coercion. Similar findings were reported from studies among university students in Madawalabu [ 25 ] Addis Ababa [ 26 ] and Hawassa [ 31 ]. Also, study of violence that compares rural, suburban, and urban teen found teens in rural school districts to be more victims of violence than their suburban and urban counterparts [ 32 ].

Participants who had history of consuming or currently consuming alcohol and have friends who do so regularly reported higher level of sexual violence. Though, it is difficult to conclude which one ethiopian first as the timing cannot be determined by cross sectional study; the association can be explained by various mechanisms.

At a behavioral or psychological level, alcohol may decrease the risk perception and the ability to communicate assertively [ 3334 ], making an individual more vulnerable to sexual coercion [ 35 ]. In Ethiopia, universities and schools are alcohol free; as a result students mostly sex to bars and night clubs whenever they want to drink. A previous study from Uganda suggests a causal link between alcohol consumption at bars or parties and the occurrence of sexual coercion [ 36 ].

Studies conducted in Ethiopian Universities also revealed increased sex of sexual violence among alcohol consumers [ 253031 ].

However, it would be women to separate the direct effect of the alcohol consumed by the victim, from the effects associated with the ethiopian, where the perpetrators are present [ 34 ].

Moreover, the fact that alcohol consumption and sexual assault frequently co-occur does not necessarily demonstrate that alcohol causes sexual assault; the causal direction could be the opposite. Women who report drinking could be doing so in response to having experienced sexual violence as a coping mechanism [ 14 ]. Meaning, alcohol is associated to sexual violence both as a risk and sex mechanism which makes it difficult to women which one comes first as the timing cannot be determined by the current study design.

Witnessing inter-parental violence or mother being beaten by her husband or male partner was associated with increased odds of sexual violence. This is also indicated in studies conducted among college students in Madawalabu [ 25 ], Hawassa [ 3031 ] and Chile [ 37 ] where witnessing inter-parental violence as a child increased the likelihood of experiencing sexual violence.

A girl that grows observing her mother being beaten by her partner would likely believe that threats and violence are the norm in relationships [ 14 ]. Having regular boyfriend was also found to increase the risk of experiencing sexual violence.

This finding is in line with study from Madawalabu University [ 25 ] where students who had a regular boyfriend experienced more sexual violence than their counterparts.

Data were collected by self-administered questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were done. Moreover, bivariate and multivariate analyses were also carried out to identify predictors of sexual violence.

Lifetime sexual violence was found to be However, Life time sexual violence was positively associated with witnessing inter-parental violence as a child, rural childhood residence, having regular boyfriend, alcohol consumption and having friends who drink regularly; while it was negatively associated with discussing sexual issues with parents.

Sexual violence is a common phenomenon among the students. More detailed research has to be conducted to develop prevention and intervention strategies. Violence against women includes any act of gender based violence that results in physical, sexual, and psychological harm to women [ 1 ].

Sexual violence is one dimension of violence in schools which creates an atmosphere of intimidation and danger in an environment [ 4 ]. It is a fundamental violation of human right to liberty and freedom from fear, and is now recognized as a public health priority [ 5 ]. It ranges from forcible rape to physical forms of pressure that compel women to engage in sex against their consent. It is common among children, adolescents and women both in industrial and developing nations [ 6 , 7 ].

Studies showed that violence against girls by older male students and teachers is very common [ 8 , 9 , 10 ]. Rape alone results in about 32, unwanted pregnancies each year globally [ 13 ]. This can have an emotional impact and is also linked to negative health behaviors, such us substance use and mood disorders like anxiety and depression [ 14 , 15 ].

Violence against women is major public health and human rights agenda in Ethiopia. However, the magnitude of sexual violence among youths is not deeply recognized. Therefore, determining the magnitude and identifying predictors helps to design prevention and controlling strategies to tackle it.

Thus this study was aimed at assessing sexual violence and its predictors among female students of Wolaita Sodo University, Ethiopia. Institution-based cross-sectional study was employed among female Wolaita Sodo University students.

More than eleven thousand under graduate regular students were in the university. Single population proportion formula was used to determine sample size with the assumption of: Samples were allocated to all schools and colleges proportion to size. Female students were categorized in three strata as first, second, and third year and above, then recruited by simple random sampling technique from the frame provided by the university registrar. Selected students were contacted through their respective departments and were oriented about the study and their random selection.

Appointment was made for the day of data collection after deep discussion that removed their doubts and cleared their confusions. The questionnaire was translated to Amharic and then back to English by different language experts to check for internal consistency. Data collection was facilitated by nine enumerators and one supervisor on April 7, Respondents filled the questionnaire simultaneously in nine lecture halls. Both bivariate and multivariate logistic regression models were also carried out.

Data quality was maintained by giving training and appropriate supervision for the data collectors. Pre-test was conducted on 25 female students of Wachemo University and proper modifications were made to the tool. By conducting repeated revisions, the questions were made as simple as possible to be answered by the students. The outcome variable of the study was s exual violence whereas the predictors were socio-demographic characteristics, sexual history, behavioral attributes and family history.

It includes sexual harassment, attempted rape and rape. Rape: any non-consensual penetration of the vagina, penetration obtained by physical body harm, by threatening or deception or when the victim is unable to give consent.

Attempted rape: a trial to have sex without consent by coercion, by threatening or deception or when the victim is unable to give consent but without actual penetration of the vagina. Sexual harassment: unwanted sexual behaviors including jokes, verbal comments and physical contacts that are intentionally done on women or girls.

Witnessed inter-parental violence as a child: if the respondent had ever witnessed physical violence between her parents or adults who raised her, before age of Out of the expected respondents, agreed to participate.

But, 11 questionnaires were incomplete and discarded. So, full response was obtained from participants yielding a response rate of More than half of respondents Among all, Almost all About quarter Among the total respondents, Fifty five Among those who had sexual experience, Lifetime prevalence of any form of sexual violence was reported by Students who faced sexual violence before joining university were Among the Sexual harassment and attempted rape in the current year were reported by 75 Nearly one fifth Sexual violence was thought as a major problem by But More than one third More than half 41 Being in the age category of 20—24, being from rural area, witnessing inter-parental violence as a child, having regular boyfriend, alcohol consumption and having friends who drink on regular basis were found to have positive association with life time sexual violence; while discussing sexual issues with parents showed negative association.

Students with rural childhood residence were about 2 times [OR: 2. Respondents who had witnessed inter-parental violence during childhood were almost 2 times more likely to face sexual abuse compared to their counterparts [OR: 1. The odds of sexual abuse is around two times [OR: 1. Similarly, students who drink or have history of drinking [OR: 2. Goal five, gender equality, of sustainable development goals will not be achieved without eliminating gender based violence [ 5 ].

But sexual violence appears to be a major characteristic of school life for many young females in Ethiopia [ 16 , 18 , 19 ]; as it persist affecting many [ 20 ].

Most of the young people are not aware of their sexual rights and do not even appreciate the degree of their violations [ 21 ]. Thus, this study was aimed to assess sexual violence and its predictors among female Wolaita Sodo University students.

Sexual violence was found a major problem among the students with The finding was higher than the prevalence Another study from Madawalabu University [ 23 ] revealed However, it was lower than the prevalence among female Ambo university students Lifetime rape was conveyed by However, it was higher than the findings from Dabat [ 27 ], Debark [ 28 ] and Addis Ababa [ 29 ] high schools students where the findings fell between 5.

This might be due to the differences in age and socio-cultural factors between study participants. The findings of attempted rape Female students whose childhood residence was in rural areas reported higher frequency of sexual coercion. Similar findings were reported from studies among university students in Madawalabu [ 25 ] Addis Ababa [ 26 ] and Hawassa [ 31 ]. Also, study of violence that compares rural, suburban, and urban teen found teens in rural school districts to be more victims of violence than their suburban and urban counterparts [ 32 ].

Participants who had history of consuming or currently consuming alcohol and have friends who do so regularly reported higher level of sexual violence. Though, it is difficult to conclude which one comes first as the timing cannot be determined by cross sectional study; the association can be explained by various mechanisms. At a behavioral or psychological level, alcohol may decrease the risk perception and the ability to communicate assertively [ 33 , 34 ], making an individual more vulnerable to sexual coercion [ 35 ].

In Ethiopia, universities and schools are alcohol free; as a result students mostly go to bars and night clubs whenever they want to drink. A previous study from Uganda suggests a causal link between alcohol consumption at bars or parties and the occurrence of sexual coercion [ 36 ].

Studies conducted in Ethiopian Universities also revealed increased risk of sexual violence among alcohol consumers [ 25 , 30 , 31 ]. However, it would be difficult to separate the direct effect of the alcohol consumed by the victim, from the effects associated with the setting, where the perpetrators are present [ 34 ].

Moreover, the fact that alcohol consumption and sexual assault frequently co-occur does not necessarily demonstrate that alcohol causes sexual assault; the causal direction could be the opposite.

Women who report drinking could be doing so in response to having experienced sexual violence as a coping mechanism [ 14 ].

Meaning, alcohol is associated to sexual violence both as a risk and coping mechanism which makes it difficult to conclude which one comes first as the timing cannot be determined by the current study design. Witnessing inter-parental violence or mother being beaten by her husband or male partner was associated with increased odds of sexual violence. This is also indicated in studies conducted among college students in Madawalabu [ 25 ], Hawassa [ 30 , 31 ] and Chile [ 37 ] where witnessing inter-parental violence as a child increased the likelihood of experiencing sexual violence.

A girl that grows observing her mother being beaten by her partner would likely believe that threats and violence are the norm in relationships [ 14 ]. Having regular boyfriend was also found to increase the risk of experiencing sexual violence.

This finding is in line with study from Madawalabu University [ 25 ] where students who had a regular boyfriend experienced more sexual violence than their counterparts. As they became intimate couples might spend time in private places where the boy can force the girl for sex. As evidenced by literature, forced sex is more likely to occur later in the dating relationship than earlier [ 12 ].

Discussing sexual issues with parents or anyone else was negatively associated with sexual violence. Students who had not reported discussion of sexual issues with anyone else showed high prevalence of sexual violence than those who did. Communication with parents on sexual topics helps young women resist partner sexual pressure [ 40 ]; as what parents have told them and might think influence their decisions about sex and relationships [ 41 ].

Cross-sectional study cannot determine causal relationships between variables. Since sexual violence is a sensitive topic it is very prone to reporting bias, in most cases, women tend to under-report it. The high prevalence of sexual violence requires attention. Researching domestic violence against women: methodological and ethical considerations. Stud Fam Plan. United Nations General Assembly. Declaration on the elimination of violence against women. WHO: Putting women first: Ethical and safety recommendations for research on domestic violence against women.

She is literally there to serve the family," Gebre said, as she recalled growing up in the s in Kembatta, southern Ethiopia. In the past decade, human traffickers have increasingly lured girls away from their schools and homes in poor, rural areas with the promise of jobs and other opportunities in cities like the capital Addis Ababa, Gebre said. But many ended up being exploited as maids and sex workers. Because prostitution is taboo in Ethiopia, especially in the rural areas where most of the trafficked girls come from, many find themselves ostracised if they return.

The U. State Department's Trafficking in Persons report found that girls as young as eight were working in brothels around Addis Ababa's central market.