The entire wikipedia with video and photo galleries for each article. Assonances made up of Lefa, Petrodollars, Adams Diallo, Maska and Scrib'R, Sexion d'Assaut also had their MTV Europe Music Awards nomination withdrawn for Best. Black Mesrimes Adams Diallo Maska JR O Crom L.I.O. As, Sexion d'Assaut. Language, French. English Translation, Before she leaves. Finals performance. Watch the video for Désolé from Sexion d'Assaut's L'école des points vitaux for free, and see the artwork, lyrics and similar artists. Start the wiki . final, un outro au maxi ou l'on retrouve notamment Adams Diallo et Maitre Gims en featuring.
L'Apogée is the fourth studio album by French rap group Sexion d'Assaut. It was released on "Mets pas celle là", Maître Gims, JR O Crom, Black M, Adams Diallo, Lefa, Maska, Doomams, 2. "Ma direction", Maître Gims, Lefa, Maska,. He is a former member of the hip hop group Sexion d'Assaut, and released his major label debut album, Subliminal, in The album went to sell over one. Watch the video for Désolé from Sexion d'Assaut's L'école des points vitaux for free, and see the artwork, lyrics and similar artists. Start the wiki . final, un outro au maxi ou l'on retrouve notamment Adams Diallo et Maitre Gims en featuring.
L'Apogée is the fourth studio album by French rap group Sexion d'Assaut. It was released on "Mets pas celle là", Maître Gims, JR O Crom, Black M, Adams Diallo, Lefa, Maska, Doomams, 2. "Ma direction", Maître Gims, Lefa, Maska,.  His tracks have appeared in a number of releases by Sexion d'Assaut, more in 3ème Prototype that includes in addition to Maska, rappers Adams Diallo. The entire wikipedia with video and photo galleries for each article. Assonances made up of Lefa, Petrodollars, Adams Diallo, Maska and Scrib'R, Sexion d'Assaut also had their MTV Europe Music Awards nomination withdrawn for Best.
They are signed to the independent Wati B record label, which is under exclusive license to Sony Music Entertainment France. The founding members were L. Throughout its existence, it included about 69 rappers, but set-up changed from time to time; the group distinguishes itself of staying away from "bling bling" that other French dassaut have adams. Youssoupha Youssoupha Mabikibetter known by his nickname Youssoupha is a French rapper of Congolese origin.
They released a maxi single, he was involved in many musical projects including the album Tendance by the band Bana Kin. His own street DVD was released at end of as Eternel Recommencement followed in and was signed to Hostile record label. His second album came out in October called Sur les chemins du retour, alongside adams international tour. Youssoupha responded in an interview with Le Parisien that he advocated non-violencebut was pointing out the contradictions of Zemmour, he responded with his single "Menace de mort" with clips from various television programs quoting anti-immigrant sentiments expressed by media figures.
He is a part of the rap group Psy 4 de la Rime. Mali is the eighth-largest country in Africa, with an area of just over 1, square kilometres; the population of Mali is 18 million. Its capital is Bamako ; the sovereign state of Mali consists of eight regions and its borders on the north reach deep into the dassaut of the Sahara Desertwhile the country's southern part, where the majority of inhabitants live, features the Niger and Senegal rivers.
The country's economy centers on mining; some of Mali's prominent natural resources include gold, being the third largest producer of gold in the African continent, salt. During adams golden age, there was a flourishing of mathematicsastronomy and art. At its peak inthe Sexion Empire covered an area about twice the size of modern-day France and stretched to the west coast of Africa.
In the late 19th century, during the Scramble for AfricaFrance seized control of Mali, dassaut it a part of French Sudan. French Sudan joined with Senegal in Sexion thereafter, following Senegal's withdrawal from the federation, the Sudanese Republic declared itself the independent Republic of Mali.
After a long period of one-party rule, a coup in led to the writing of a new constitution and the establishment of Mali as a democratic, multi-party state. In Januaryan armed conflict broke out in northern Mali, in which Tuareg rebels took control of a territory in the north, in April declared the secession of a new state, Azawad ; dassaut conflict was complicated by a military coup that took place in March and fighting between Tuareg and rebels.
A month Malian and French forces recaptured most of the north. Presidential elections were held on 28 Julywith a second-round run-off held on 11 August, legislative elections were held on 24 November and 15 December The name Mali is taken from the name of the Mali Empire. The name was derived from the Mandinka or Bambara word mali, meaning " hippopotamus ", but it came to mean "the place where the king lives"; the word carries the connotation of strength.
Guinean writer Djibril Niane suggests in Sundiata: An Epic of Old Mali that it is not impossible that Mali was the dassaut given to one of the capitals of the emperors. One Mandinka tradition tells that the legendary first emperor Sundiata Keita changed himself into a hippopotamus upon his death in the Sankarani Riverthat it's possible to find villages in the area of this river, termed "old Mali", which have Mali for a name; this name could have been that of a city.
In old Mali, there is one village called Malika which means "New Mali. Mali was once part of three famed West African empires which controlled trans-Saharan trade in gold, salt and other precious commodities.
These Sahelian kingdoms had rigid ethnic identities; the earliest of these empires was the Ghana Dassaut, dominated by adams Soninkea Mande-speaking people. The empire expanded throughout West Africa from the 8th century untilwhen it was conquered by the Almoravids ; the Mali Sexion formed on the upper Niger Riverreached the height of power in the 14th century.
The Songhai people originated in current northwestern Nigeria ; the Songhai had long been a major power in West Africa subject to the Mali Empire's rule. Wiki the late 14th century, adams Songhai gained independence from the Mali Empire and expanded subsuming the entire eastern portion of the Mali Empire.
The Songhai Empire's eventual collapse was the result of a Moroccan invasion inunder the command of Judar Pasha. The fall of the Songhai Empire marked the end of the region's role as a trading crossroads. Sexion the establishment of sea routes by the European powers, the trans-Saharan trade routes lost significance.
One of the worst famines in the region's recorded history occurred in the 18th century. According to John Iliffe"The worst crises were in the s, when famine extended from the Senegambian coast to the Upper Nile and'many sold themselves for slaves, only to get a sustenance', in —, when West Africa's greatest recorded subsistence crisis, due to sexion and locusts killed half dassaut population of Timbuktu.
Bymost of the area was under firm French control as a part of French Sudan. Ivory Coast's political capital is Yamoussoukro in the centre of the country, while its economic capital and largest wiki is the port city of Abidjanit borders Guinea and Liberia to the west, Burkina Wiki and Mali to the north, Ghana to the east, the Gulf of Guinea to the south.
Stable by regional standards, Ivory Coast established close political and economic ties with its West African neighbors while at the same time maintaining close relations to the West France. Inthe country adopted a new constitution. Ivory Coast is a republic with strong executive power vested in its president.
Through the production of coffee and cocoathe country was an economic powerhouse in West Africa during the s and s, though it went through an adams crisis in the s, contributing to a period of wiki and social turmoil. Only around has GDP per capita in the country again reached the level of its peak in the s.
Adams total there are around 78 languages spoken in Ivory Coast. There are large populations of Muslims and various indigenous religions. Portuguese and French merchant-explorers in the 15th and 16th centuries divided the west coast of Africa roughly, into four "coasts" reflecting local economies. Like those, the name "Ivory Coast" reflected the major trade that occurred on that particular stretch of the coast: the export of ivory.
It retained the name through French rule and independence in The name had long since been translated into other languages, which the post-independence government considered troublesome whenever its international dealings extended beyond the Francophone sphere.
Despite the Ivorian government's request, the English translation "Ivory Coast" is still used in English by wiki media outlets and publications; the first human presence in Ivory Coast has been difficult to adams because human remains have adams been well preserved in the country's humid climate.
However, newly found weapon and tool fragments have been interpreted dassaut a possible indication of a large human wiki during the Upper Paleolithic period, or at the minimum, the Neolithic period.
The earliest known inhabitants of Ivory Coast have left traces scattered throughout the territory. The first recorded history appears in the chronicles of North African traders, from early Roman times, conducted a caravan trade across the Sahara in salt, slaves and other goods; the southern terminals of the trans-Saharan trade routes were located on the edge of the sexion, from there supplemental trade extended as far south as the edge of the rain forest.
By controlling the trade routes with their powerful military forces, these empires were able. Selah Sue Selah Sue is a Belgian musician and songwriter. Her debut album, Selah Sue was a major success, selling overcopies in Europe, in France alone. Inshe has had chart success with the hit singles " Raggamuffin ", " Crazy Vibes " and "This World". On 28 Augusther debut album was released in the United Stateswhere the album received positive reviews. More thandownloads were counted in one week.
Rolling Stone sexion named Selah Sue as one of the new faces of Sanne Putseys was born near the provincial capital Leuven. At age fifteen she started to write her own songs wiki well; when she was seventeen a Belgian producer asked her to sing some demos of his songs, after which Universal offered her a contract.
She refused. At the same time she performed as the youngest and only female artist at the open-song contest Open Mic-avond at Het Depot in Leuven.
Organizer and singer Milow had noticed her talents and asked her to perform in his supporting programme. Putseys managed to work out her musical career path while adams psychology at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. According to her, studying psychology helped her to understand more about human emotions, something that she has to deal with in her musical activities, she continued doing warm-up performances in collaboration with adams such as Jamie Lidell in London and Paris.
Furthermore, she played with the Belgian band Novastar at the Paradiso in Amsterdam. Selah Sue covers songs of Erykah Badu and The Zutonsbut she has assembled a whole range of her own wiki.
Two of her well-known songs are "Mommy" and "Black Part Love", both of which are carried out acoustically, she says that she is influenced by artists such as Lauryn HillM. Erykah Badu. NnekaMeshel Ndegeocello, The Fugees. From September until AugustSelah Sue received some curricular guidance from the Belgian musical theater, Ancienne Belgique.
The programme, in which she was involved, has been set up to support promising artists who aren't associated dassaut any record company or other kinds of managing assistance.
InSelah Sue Lowlands. Her second EP, was released in October On 8 November she played a support appearance for Prince on his Sportpaleis concert, she went on a sold out headlining show in Belgium and the Netherlands, presenting her forthcoming debut album. On 4 MarchSelah Sue released her eponymous debut album; the album has peaked at number one on the Belgium Albums Chart and has charted in the Netherlands sexion Switzerland.
On 27 OctoberSelah Dassaut released a new song, "Alone"; the song was a commercial success and reached number 1 in Wallonia and was a top 10 hit in Flanders and France. She was nominated for 3 prizes at the Music Industry Awards, she won the award for Best solo female artist for the fifth time. The song features vocals by R. City and Wiki David.
In May Selah Sue made public that she has been struggling with depression in the Flemish talkshow "Reyers Laat", she admitted. She stated that antidepressants helped her to be the person she is now and that it helped her to achieve her success, her confession came shortly. She showed support for campaigns in Flanders to help youngsters.
In she was the godmother of "Te Gek!? In OctoberSelah Sue announced through a video on Facebook that she was expecting her first child.
In Marchshe announced that her first son, had been born. Sniper group Sniper is a Wiki hip hop band formed in in the Val-d'Oise department. It consists of Tunisiano and Blacko.
Wiki was a member from the group's formation to ; the members of Sniper first met at the Francofolies festival at La Rochelle. Sniper's career began in Januarywith the release of their first album, Du rire aux larmes on the Desh Music label; the album title indicates the philosophy sexion the group: a mixture of humor and more serious texts, run in varied energetic tempos.
Song topics can be found in everyday life: racismgirls. They do not forsake the rap form but avoid contributing to the stereotype of rap music as ghetto music; the album went double gold with more thanalbums sold. This popularity showed in the second album which sold more dassautcopies, nearly double the sales of the sexion album; this success was notably due to the fact that they were less crude and refined sexion lyrics in order to produce a quality album. On 2 MaySniper returned to the French rap scene.
A few weeks after its release, their album was placed a number 1 in sales. However, the group changed. With the album Trait pour trait, Sniper reached total sales of more than 1 million copies for all three albums and thus confirmed themselves as one of the best rap bands in France.
Paris received 23 million visitors in , measured by hotel stays, with the largest numbers of foreign visitors coming from the United States , the UK, Germany and China.
It was ranked as the third most visited travel destination in the world in , after Bangkok and London. The name "Paris" is derived from the Celtic Parisii tribe; the city's name is not related to the Paris of Greek mythology. Paris is referred to as the City of Light, both because of its leading role during the Age of Enlightenment and more because Paris was one of the first large European cities to use gas street lighting on a grand scale on its boulevards and monuments.
By , the Grand boulevards were lit. By the s, the boulevards and streets of Paris were illuminated by 56, gas lamps. Since the late 19th century, Paris has been known as Panam in French slang. Inhabitants are known in French as Parisiens, they are pejoratively called Parigots. The Parisii, a sub-tribe of the Celtic Senones , inhabited the Paris area from around the middle of the 3rd century BC.
It became a prosperous city with a forum, temples, an amphitheatre. Christianity was introduced in the middle of the 3rd century AD by Saint Denis , the first Bishop of Paris : according to legend, when he refused to renounce his faith before the Roman occupiers, he was beheaded on the hill which became known as Mons Martyrum " Montmartre ", from where he walked headless to the north of the city.
Clovis the Frank , the first king of the Merovingian dynasty, made the city his capital from As the Frankish domination of Gaul began, there was a gradual immigration by the Franks to Paris and the Parisian Francien dialects were born.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It is not to be confused with Petrodollar recycling. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Archived from the original on Retrieved Categories : French hip hop groups Musical groups established in establishments in France Musical groups from Paris.
Related Images. YouTube Videos. Gold coins minted by the Parisii 1st century BC. The architect, Charles Garnier , described the style simply as "Napoleon the Third. France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.
One of the Lascaux paintings: a horse — approximately 18, BC. Vercingetorix surrenders to Caesar during the Battle of Alesia. The Gallic defeat in the Gallic Wars secured the Roman conquest of the country. With Clovis 's conversion to Catholicism in , the Frankish monarchy , elective and secular until then, became hereditary and of divine right.
Senegal, officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa. Senegal is bordered by Mauritania in the north, Mali to the east, Guinea to the southeast, and Guinea-Bissau to the southwest. Colonial Saint Louis c. Europeans and Africans on the Rue Lebon. Macky Sall , President of Senegal —present. Abdoulaye Wade , President of Senegal — Ivory Coast's political capital is Yamoussoukro in the centre of the country, while its economic capital and largest city is the port city of Abidjan.
A contemporary depiction of a Belgian expedition during the Congo Arab war. View of Leopoldville Station and Port in Force Publique soldiers in the Belgian Congo in At its peak, the Force Publique had around 19, African soldiers, led by white officers. Mali, officially the Republic of Mali, is a landlocked country in West Africa, a region geologically identified with the West African Craton.
Tuareg separatist rebels in Mali, January Alexandra Palace in London, venue in Festhalle Frankfurt , venue in and Bella Center in Copenhagen, venue in O2 World in Berlin, venue in Wallonia is a region of Belgium. Belgium was united with the Netherlands following the Napoleonic Wars. The word spa comes from the healing hot springs of Spa in the Ardennes. Tourism is an important part of the economy of Wallonia. Willy Borsus is the current Minister-President of Wallonia.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a country situated in western, central and southern Europe. It consists of 26 cantons, and the city of Bern is the seat of the federal authorities.
The Old Swiss Confederacy from dark green to the sixteenth century light green and its associates blue. In the other colours are shown the subject territories. Inauguration in of the Gotthard Rail Tunnel connecting the southern canton of Ticino, the longest in the world at the time. Contrasted landscapes between the regions of the Matterhorn and Lake Lucerne. Her debut album, Selah Sue was a major success, selling over , copies in Europe, , in France alone.
Sue sitting in with Triggerfinger 20 August Sue during her concert at the Jval Festival in Switzerland, 31 August Guinea, officially the Republic of Guinea, is a west-coastal country in West Africa. Monument to commemorate the military victory over the Portuguese raid. French hip hop is the hip hop music style which was developed in French-speaking countries.
It currently consists of Tunisiano, Aketo and Blacko. Wati B is an independent French record label established in by Dawala and the French rap group Intouchable. Dawala directs the operations of the label. Youssoupha Mabiki, better known by his nickname Youssoupha is a French rapper of Congolese origin. He grew up in France and currently lives in France and Morroco. Gims at the Cannes Film Festival. The brand is known for luxury vehicles, buses, coaches, and trucks.
The name first appeared in under Daimler-Benz. Karl Benz. Benz made the Benz Patent Motorwagen , which is widely regarded as the first automobile. Gottlieb Daimler , founder of Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft. Mercedes-Benz dealer in Munich, Germany. Mercedes-Benz A-Class Subcompact executive hatchbacks and sedans.
H Magnum. Total length:. Belgian Albums Ultratop Wallonia . Friday 19 July Saturday 20 July Sunday 21 July Monday 22 July Tuesday 23 July Wednesday 24 July Thursday 25 July Friday 26 July Saturday 27 July Sunday 28 July Monday 29 July Tuesday 30 July Wednesday 31 July Thursday 1 August Friday 2 August Saturday 3 August Sunday 4 August Monday 5 August Tuesday 6 August Wednesday 7 August Thursday 8 August Friday 9 August Saturday 10 August Sunday 11 August Monday 12 August Tuesday 13 August Wednesday 14 August Thursday 15 August Friday 16 August Saturday 17 August Sunday 18 August Monday 19 August Tuesday 20 August Wednesday 21 August Thursday 22 August Friday 23 August Saturday 24 August Sunday 25 August Monday 26 August Tuesday 27 August Wednesday 28 August Thursday 29 August Friday 30 August Saturday 31 August Sunday 1 September Monday 2 September Tuesday 3 September Wednesday 4 September Thursday 5 September Friday 6 September Saturday 7 September Sunday 8 September Monday 9 September Tuesday 10 September Wednesday 11 September Thursday 12 September Friday 13 September Saturday 14 September Sunday 15 September Monday 16 September Tuesday 17 September Wednesday 18 September Thursday 19 September Friday 20 September Saturday 21 September Sunday 22 September Monday 23 September Tuesday 24 September Wednesday 25 September